…Say it’s an Unwarranted Interference with Rights to Freedom of Expression, Access to Information …Argue it Could Cause More Harm to Affected Citizens The nation’s frontline media advocacy groups, Media Rights Agenda (MRA) and the International Press Centre, have stridently condemned the September 3 directive by the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to telecommunications companies to
…Say it’s an Unwarranted Interference with Rights to Freedom of Expression, Access to Information
…Argue it Could Cause More Harm to Affected Citizens
The nation’s frontline media advocacy groups, Media Rights Agenda (MRA) and the International Press Centre, have stridently condemned the September 3 directive by the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to telecommunications companies to immediately shutdown all telecommunications services in Zamfara State, ostensibly as a result of the “pervading security situation” in the State, describing the measure as an unwarranted and unjustifiable interference with the rights to freedom of expression and access to information.
In a statement issued in Lagos, MRA’s Communications Officer, Mr. Idowu Adewale, noted that the NCC, which is supposed to be a regulatory agency, has increasingly become a tool in the hands of the Federal Government for the indiscriminate violation of the rights of Nigerians, arguing that “Such purported exercise of power without safeguards to deny communications services not only to the residents of Zamfara State, but also to other people everywhere who have family members, friends, loved one as well as other social or business relations in the State of the right to communicate with them, without judicial or any other form of independent oversight, cannot be justified under any circumstance.”
Besides, he said, “There is no evidence anywhere in the world that shutting down communication services, including access to the internet and telephone communication, helps improve security, prevent terrorist attacks, or to stop them. Indeed, commonsense and available evidence indicate that the more likely result from such a measure is that the operations of security agencies and emergency services will be thwarted by the obstruction of vital public communications during periods of terrorists attacks when their services are most needed.”
Mr. Adewale observed that there was already ample support for this proposition from the Nigerian experience when in 2013, the Government also shut down telecommunications services in three states in the north-east, namely Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States, also ostensibly to disrupt Boko Haram’s communication capacity and its ability to use telecommunications to plan, coordinate and launch terrorist attacks.
He recalled that “the experience from that period was that not only did terrorist attacks by Boko Haram insurgents continue throughout the period when telecommunication services were cut off, but in many instances the attacks actually appeared to have intensified.”
Mr. Adewale cited a study conducted on that incident entitled “Silencing Boko Haram: Mobile Phone Blackout and Counterinsurgency in Nigeria’s Northeast region”, which was published in an international security journal known as “Stability: International Journal of Security & Development”, Volume 4(1).
According to him, the study clearly showed that “the disruption of telecommunication services was counterproductive as it caused a lot of frustration and anxiety among people in the area and heightened their sense of insecurity because they were unable to determine what is going on around them, could not access important news and information, could not reach emergency services and could not check in on their loved ones.”
Citing a view expressed by a focus group participant quoted in the study, who felt that the three states in the north-east region of the country where telecommunications services were shutdown were no longer part of Nigeria as “we were cut off from life and from everyone and everything else in Nigeria,” he said expert opinions indicate that shutting down telecommunications and Internet services is likely to cause more harm than good because such sentiments have been known to drive ordinary citizens to become terrorist sympathisers as the propaganda of militant and insurgents begin to resonate with them in the face of such realities.
Mr. Adewale therefore called on the NCC to immediately rescind its directive to the telecommunications companies and urged security agencies to find more innovative and effective ways to address the security situation that are nonetheless consistent with the Government’s human rights obligations as the indiscriminate and widespread violation of the rights of people as a condition for protecting them is not only abhorrent but itself a violation of human rights norms and principles.
Also expressing concern on the NCC directive, Executive Director, International Press Centre, Mr Lanre Arogundade contends that “with advances in science and communication, it should be possible for the military to engage in the technological pursuit of criminal elements including bandits without shutting the whole state down.”
Wondering why the country’s authorities are sometimes enmeshed in knee jerk responses, the former chairperson, Lagos chapter of the Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ), noted that, “The shut down will obviously affect businesses and impinge on the right to free expression on the Internet.”
“The directive could also have negative implication for the operation of the media in the online environment, which also has a way of affecting freedom of the press,” Arogundade said.
According to the letter sent out by NCC to all telecoms operators, dated September 3, 2021, and signed by its Executive Vice Chairman, Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta, NCC said the prevailing security situation in Zamfara State, necessitated the immediate shutdown of all telecommunications services in the state from Friday night.
The shutdown order would last for two weeks in the first instance, beginning from September 3, 2021, after which the security situation in the state would be reviewed.
Some telecoms experts, who spoke to THISDAY newspapers concerning the directive, said the measure, though timely, would affect businesses and communications among telecoms subscribers.
They expressed worries over the losses that the directive would pose on businesses and called on the federal government to devise other means of tracking and arresting kidnappers across the country.
Following the rising cases of kidnapping in the country and the recent kidnapping of 73 students from a public school in Zamfara State, the state government last week, announced a dusk to dawn curfew across the state and also shut down all schools.
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